Stock prices climbed higher in June, as investors looked beyond an increase in COVID-19 cases as well as reports that several states planned to slow the pace of their economic re-opening.
The Dow Jones Industrial Average gained 1.69 percent, while the Standard & Poor’s 500 Index tacked on 1.84 percent. The Nasdaq Composite, already up 6.75 percent in May, rose another 5.99 percent.1
Stocks opened the month higher, but the momentum quickly stalled, as states struggled to re-open their economies while facing an increase in COVID-19 cases. Investor sentiment was further dampened by a subdued forecast of economic recovery issued by the Federal Reserve.
But the market turned and rallied on a series of upbeat news announcements. First, by the Fed, which said that it would extend its bond-buying program to include the debt of individual companies. Second, a strong retail sales report buoyed spirits. And finally, the news of an effective COVID-19 treatment for critically ill patients strengthened investor sentiment.
Bump Up in COVID-19
Market direction reversed late in the month, due to an increase in COVID-19 cases in Florida, Texas, and California, which prompted some states to roll back their re-opening plans.
However, stocks still closed out the month strong, posting back-to-back gains to cement a solid showing.
Industry sectors were mixed in June, with gains in Consumer Discretionary (+1.54 percent), Industrials (+0.95 percent), Materials (+0.18 percent), and Technology (+4.78 percent), while losses were posted by Communication Services (-1.07 percent), Consumer Staples (-1.72 percent), Energy (-4.54 percent), Financials (-2.48 percent), Health Care (-4.49 percent), Real Estate (-0.98 percent), and Utilities (-5.81 percent).2
What Investors May Be Talking About in July
Assessing the economy has become increasingly difficult due to the uncertainties caused by the pandemic.
For example, May’s employment report from the Bureau of Labor Statistics showed that the economy added 2.5 million new jobs. Wall Street economists were stunned by the news, having forecast a drop of 8.3 million.3
Rise in Real-Time Data
This has left many economists and analysts to look for more creative ways to gauge “real-time” economic activity. In an effort to expand their toolset beyond traditional government reporting, forecasters are now mining a robust vein of real-time data, such as satellite imaging, to count cars parked at retail locations.
They also are looking at data, generated by Google and Apple, to determine traffic, pedestrian volumes, and the number of people taking public transportation. Restaurant apps are getting used too. They can help show whether people are returning to social settings.
Traditional economic indicators remain vital, but expect a growing focus on newer, “big data” tools that give critical real-time snapshots.
Economic re-opening and supportive central bank policies propelled markets overseas, as the MSCI-EAFE Index gained 2.92 percent.4
European markets responded to a general easing of economic lockdown and fresh central bank support. Germany rose 6.25 percent, while France picked up 5.12 percent. The U.K. lagged, gaining only 2.16 percent.5
Pacific Rim stocks were mostly higher. Japan tacked on 1.88 percent, while Australia climbed 1.35 percent.6
Gross Domestic Product
The final reading of GDP growth for the first quarter was unchanged, at -5.0 percent.7
The unemployment rate dropped to 13.3 percent, as employers added 2.5 million new jobs in May. Many of the sectors hit hardest by employment cuts, such as the travel, hospitality, and retail industries, led the rebound in hiring.8
Retail sales leaped 17.7 percent in May. Clothing and furniture stores led the group.9
Industrial production climbed 1.4 percent; though, manufacturing output managed a stronger increase of 3.8 percent.10
Housing starts increased 4.3 percent in May; though, permits for future home construction rose 14.4 percent. The increase in permits indicates that home building may be emerging from its COVID-19-related contraction.11
Existing home sales dropped 9.7 percent in May.12
Sales of new homes rose 16.6 percent, which was above consensus estimates.13
Consumer Price Index
For the second straight month, consumer prices fell, dipping 0.1 percent in May. Core inflation, which excludes the more volatile food and energy components, also retreated by 0.1 percent.14
Durable Goods Orders
Orders for long-lasting goods jumped 15.8 percent, well above the consensus estimate of 10.3 percent.15
Following its Federal Open Market Committee two-day meeting in June, the Federal Reserve said that it planned to keep its federal funds rate near zero.
Fed Chair Jerome Powell confirmed that the Fed would maintain its monthly purchases of Treasury bonds and mortgage-backed securities.
The Fed also issued its forecasts for 2020 to 2022. It anticipates the federal funds rate remaining at zero, with inflation of 0.8 percent for 2020, 1.6 percent in 2021, and 1.7 percent in 2022.
Fed officials said that they expect the GDP to fall by 6.5 percent this year, but increase 5 percent in 2021 and 3.5 percent in 2022. Officials also expect unemployment to steadily decline over the next 2½ to 5½ years.16
By the Numbers: National Pickle Month
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2. FactSet Research, June 30, 2020
3. The Washington Post, June 5, 2020
4. MSCI.com, June 30, 2020
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21. GrandViewResearch.com, 2020. For 2018, the most recent data available.
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28. ILovePickles.org, 2020